English Grammar:

 Articles 
-Definite Article
-Indefinite Article
-Zero Article
Adjectives
Personal pronouns, possessive adjectives and pronouns
Demonstrative Adjectives
Some and Any, No
-How to use adjectives in a sentence
-Comparative and superlative adjectives
-The order of adjectives
Adverbs
-Example of adverbs
– Much and Many
-Adverbs of quantity:, a lot, Very, Few
-Too much, too many, too few, too little
Prepositions
-Preposition of place
-Between  and Among
-Preposition of time
-Prepositions after verbs and nouns
Pronouns
-Interrogative Pronouns
-Personal Pronouns
-Possessive Pronouns
-Demonstrative Pronouns
Relative Pronouns
-Relative pronouns
Saxon Genitive
-Saxon Genitive
Nouns
-Plural of nouns
-Countable – Uncountable Nouns
Basic Question Forms
-Questions
– The 5 W : Who, When, Why, What and Where

Conjunctions
-If, If and whether clause
False Friends
-Similar words in other languages with different meaning in English
Verbs
-English Verbs
-Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs
-To Be
-To Have
-Simple Present
-Present continuous
-To like, To Dislike
-Can and Cannot
– Verbs ending in -ing
-Infinitive
-There is and There are
-Present continuous
-Simple Past
-Used + Infinitive
-Present Perfect
-Present Perfect Continuous
-Past Perfect
-Past Perfect Continuous
-Future
-Future continuous
-Future Perfect (continuous)
-Will and Be going to
-Imperative
-Conditional
-The future seen from the past
-Modal Verbs
-Can, Could
-Be able to, allowed to
-May and Might : possibility
-Must and Have (got) to
-Need (not), don’t need to, don’t have to
-Should, ought to and had better
-Dare
-Forming Passive sentences
-Phrasal Verbs
-To like
-To do and to make
-Question Tags

 

 

 

 

 

                             Definite Article

-The

The, is used in English in front of a noun when we know exactly what we are referring to:

Example

The dog The dogs
The girl The girls

There are two ways to pronounce the article THE.

-Pronounce THE as “thee” if the next word starts with a vowel sound

Examples:

The Hotel
The orange

-Pronounce THE as “thuh” if the next word starts with a consonant sound

*Pronunciation Tips, just remember  what it matters is the sound with which starts the first word, for this pronunciation rule.

So for example the word MRI when pronounced sounds as /ˌɛm ɑr ˈaɪ/, so starting with the sound E  that is a vowel.

Just keep practising will be easier to memorize.

The Article must not be used when:

Rule Example Sentence
We do not use the articles with names England, America

No The England

William Shakespeare wrote Hamlet
Uncountable nouns Music, chocolate, meat I love music, I buy some chocolate, I eat meat
In front of possessive adjectives and pronouns My, mine, yours,

Your

That’s my pen,

This is mine

With acronyms(short form of a name), Titles Nato, Unesco,

Duchess,

Doctor, Queen

Nato was formed in 1949,

Mr Smith,

Doctor Who

When you talk about things in general Flowers, cats, I love flowers,

There are many cats,

When we have a language as adjective Cinese, Russian, French, English I teach people Chinese,

I speak Russian,

I study English

In front of Sports and games Football, swimming, running I play football,

I love running,

I hate swimming

Streets, some locations, and places do not need the article Home, work, university, Portway road I go at home, He studies business at university, She lives in Portway road
With the word Television Television They always watch television after work
Nouns + Numbers, Platform 2 The train leaves from platform 2

*Click on the word Zero Article  to quickly access the topic, and have a list and a further

explanation of when we do not use the article.

The Article can be used when:

Rule Example Sentence
We use the article when the countries include

the terms: republic, kingdom or states

The United States,

The Republic of Ireland,

The  United Kingdom

The Republic of China is a state in East Asia
Geography : The is not used before country, city, towns, single lakes or mountains The Apls John has seen the Apls(is a group of mountain),

Lake Ontario is in North America, and is part of of the Great Lakes (Ontario is a single lake whilst Great Lakes are more than one)

With the name of a river Thames The Thames

Click on the other Grammar English topics to check the other lessons.

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